The data retentions laws have always been a matter of concern for many people. These laws violate the basic rights of privacy protection. These laws are formed due to increased dependency on computers, internet-based information, and danger of data infringement and privacy.
Countries have designed their own data retention laws. Some countries have designed strict data retention laws while there are some countries who are against these laws and strictly opposed it and hence they don’t form any strict data retention laws.
But there are countries who had formed strict data retention laws. Russia is one such country who had formed extremely hard and strict data retention directives. The legislation is highly unpractical and it often places a weak strain on the countries service providers.
What’s the data retention law in Russia?
The Russian government has imposed a controversial data retention law on its citizens. The Russian data retention law is restrictive. It takes into effect on September 1st, 2015. The country’s data retention law has raised several questions that how these laws will influence the world’s largest internet companies and the privacy of the users they work for. Most importantly, this is another important matter whether the law can be enforced effectively or not.
Under this law, the country’s international telecom companies were compelled to retained data for Russian citizens on servers held within the Russian territory.
This law has become a matter of serious concern for privacy advocates who concerns that the law will further confine the speech in Russia, where the internet has functioned as an unrestricted and generally unopposed medium and environment for public discussions, particularly in comparison with a traditional media outlet. This law is directed towards companies in Russia which retain data outside the country.
The Russian President; Vladimir Putin is in favor of these laws and wants more access to the stored data for domestic security. He has termed the newly enforced data retention legislation as a ‘’CIA Project’’ which is a part of an effort to take control of the internet.
The Russian higher authorities are profound to confirm greater access to online data for domestic security services and to reduce the capability of international states especially the USA, to have the same access.
As a result of Putin’s remarks, the controllers had adopted gradually harsh and authoritarian rules and regulations on bloggers. These regulations force the bloggers for registration if they reach a certain level of readership or followers.
The Russian Internet Watchdog— Roskomnadzor:
The Russian data retention law has the ability to affect foreign companies together with tech giants like Facebook and Google. These international companies possibly are asked to move data for the Russian customers to servers within Russia, an obligation which includes informing and altering the Russian internet watchdog; Roskomnadzor about their site of location. There are huge implications for data privacy and can also compel companies to talk with Russia about data retention and other practices.
Under the court order by Roskomnadzor, the companies who didn’t comply with the new legislation will be included in a blacklist and subject to a penalty of up to 300,000 rubles or $5,000. The internet watchdog Roskomnadzor has the potential to direct the service providers to block the access to violators.
The newly implemented laws is a way for Russia to gain more control over the internet and conduct investigation in huge quantity. This is not the first time when Russia has enforced censorship. Recently, Russia has fought against the use of HTTPS and has also blocked Wikipedia. The government officials have actually been told not to use services like Google and WhatsApp.
The newly imposed data retention legislation risks the privacy of Russian citizens and eliminates an element of control over personal information. This law further is a matter of serious concern in terms of reach and potential effect outside Russia. This law has been opposed by the Russian citizens as no one has the right to own up the internet neither they should be capable to keep control what is done with the user’s data either in Russia or any other country.